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 Business and Economy News from Finland
PM Sipilä: Finland will approve draft Brexit deal
Helsinki, November 15 (Yle)
The Finnish PM says he expects the British Parliament to approve the draft agreement on the UK's departure. Finnish Prime Minister Juha Sipilä says that Finland will approve the draft Brexit deal unveiled late Wednesday by his British counterpart Theresa May. He also predicted on Thursday afternoon the deal would be approved by the British Parliament in December.

"That's why this negotiation has been so painful. May has always had to make sure that the draft agreement would get through Parliament. It won't be easy but certainly the prediction is that it will go through," said Sipilä.

"At the end of the day it is to everyone's advantage that there is not a hard departure, but rather a managed departure," he added.

Future of Finnish forests
Helsinki, November 13 (Yle)
The country's most widely-read daily Helsingin Sanomat had on Tuesday an in-depth analysis of the Finnish forest industry.

The paper contemplates the future of Finnish forests, as two sides of a debate over curbing logging become more deeply entrenched. The government collected a group of domestic researchers to study the effect of its bioeconomy drive on Finnish forests, which could see significant harvesting of the natural resource.

The group found that well-managed forests should be able to provide timber and energy for the economy without significant loss of biodiversity or carbon sink capacity. However several opposition political parties are calling for the government to withdraw its harvesting increase plans and keep the rate at its current level of 68 million cubic metres.

The paper writes that there are 2.5 billion cubic metres of timber standing in Finland's forests, with an annual growth rate of 107 million cubic metres. Annual forest harvesting at present comes in at 68 million cubic meters, but the current centre-right government's bioeconomy push seeks to increase this number to 80 million cubic metres a year until the year 2025.

Forests act as an important carbon sink in the fight against climate change, and a recent IPCC report called for considerably less forest harvesting worldwide in order to safeguard these important repositories of CO2. HS reports that in 2013-2014, the annual carbon capture of Finnish forests was 27 million tons, a number that would drop to 13.5 if the government's plan is brought to fruition.

Finland's Climate Panel wants Finland to be carbon neutral by the year 2030 already – at the latest 2045. In practice, this would mean that Finland only produces as much CO2 as its natural carbon sinks can capture. At current levels, Finland's forests bind between 30 and 60 percent of the greenhouse gases Finland produces each year.

Record import of used cars
Helsinki, November 5 (Yle)
Tero Kallio, head of a car importing association, tells the paper that over 40,000 used diesel and petrol vehicles will be brought into Finland in 2018, accounting for one-third of all cars registered this year. Typically purchased from Sweden or Germany, the used cars that Finnish residents buy abroad tend to be larger, use more fuel and release more emissions. Two-thirds of them run on diesel, HS writes.

This increase in imported used cars flies in the face of Finnish decision-makers' efforts to renew the relatively old and high-emission fleet of vehicles on Finnish roads. A variety of carrots, like a cash-for-clunkers programme, and sticks, like higher taxes on petrol, diesel and high-emission cars, have been introduced to encourage consumers to buy newer cars.

EU courts have nevertheless ruled that older emission regulations should apply to imported used cars in Europe, placing them in a less expensive tax bracket.

This situation has contributed to a steady stream of used cars flowing into Finland from Sweden and Germany. The cars are typically nine years old. The fact that they are often larger and run on diesel means that they tend to last longer, HS writes. In some cases, the car will continue to serve the purchaser for another 13 or 14 years.

Finland's car stock is just getting older as a result, as the average service life of a car here is already 21 years, which puts Finland in the company of eastern Europe countries. In other parts of western Europe, cars are typically driven for 15 or 16 years before they are traded in for a new model.

Supercell dominates top earners list for second year
Helsinki, November 1 (Yle)
Finland's top earner in 2017 was founder and CEO of game firm Supercell, Ilkka Paananen, drawing 65,246,456 euros, according to the Finnish Tax Administration.

The first day of November has become a red-letter day for followers of the fate and fortunes of the captains of industry and the political elite, as it's when the Finnish Tax Administration, Vero, releases all taxpayer data.

The country's second-biggest earner was another employee of the Helsinki-based game firm Supercell, creative director Mikko Kodisoja, who pocketed 57,535,431 euros.

Supercell employees crowded the top ten list with Janne Snellman (22,363,972 euros) coming in fifth place, John Derome (19,145,088 euros) in sixth, and Visa Forsten (17,316,120 euros) in eighth. Last year's list mirrors the top earners' table of 2016, when Finland's top 3 earners were all from the same Helsinki-based game firm. Supercell has meanwhile made international headlines for not using financial planning schemes to avoid paying taxes.

The list's dark horse is Alexander Hanhikoski, founder and CEO of Bittisiirto, a company specialising in real-time payments. The thirty-something entrepreneur pulled down 24,635,470 euros, giving him the country's third-highest salary.

Other top earners include the founder and CEO of dental equipment manufacturer Planmeca, Heikki Kyöstilä, whose taxable income reached 22,673,597 euros, earning him fourth place.

Peak-performing Terrafame mine starts construction of battery chemicals plant
Helsinki, October 26 (Yle)
Building has begun on a new nickel and cobalt sulphate refining plant in Sotkamo that is expected to bring 150 new jobs and 200 million euros in added turnover.

The Terrafame mining company announced on Thursday that it would begin foundation work on a battery chemicals plant. Located in the north-eastern Finland town of Sotkamo, Terrafame says the plant will expand the multi-metal mine's operations and bring increased profitability.

The plant will improve the refining capabilities of the mine, as there is a growing market for materials used in the manufacture of electric and hybrid motor batteries (EVBs). Specifically, it will further process Terrafame's current main product of nickel-cobalt sulphide into nickel sulphate and cobalt sulphate, both of which are used in lithium-ion batteries.

200m in added turnover projected
Terrafame reports that a significant share of their nickel and cobalt sulphate production is already being allocated to manufacturing EVB chemicals, so building their own refining plant would bring them "closer to end users".

The mining company will apply for an environmental permit for the battery chemicals plant early next year. The mine reports that it has already entered into major technology agreements with the key equipment suppliers. The Sweco engineering company, headquartered in Stockholm, has been commissioned to lead the design and build.

If all goes according to plan, construction will be completed by the end of 2020, and commercial production would begin in early 2021.

BASF to open electric vehicle battery plant in Finland
Helsinki, October 18 (Yle)
The firm said that when the plant opens in late 2020 it will supply batteries for some 300,000 fully-electric vehicles annually.

German chemicals giant BASF announced on Monday that it has chosen the Finnish western town of Harjavalta as its first location for a battery production plant which will serve the European electric vehicle market.

BASF said the Harjavalta project is a part of the company's 400 million euro investment plan and that it already started initial production of battery materials this year.

When the facility fully starts up in late 2020, the firm said it will be able to supply batteries required for some 300,000 fully-electric vehicles per year.

The firm said the new plant will "utilise locally-generated renewable energy resources including hydro, wind and biomass" fuels.

The plant will be built adjacent to the Nornickel nickel and cobalt refinery owned by Russian mining firm Norilsk Nickel, a company which has signed a long-term, "market-based supply" agreement to supply BASF with nickel and cobalt from its metal refinery, according to a joint press release issued by the companies on Monday.

Finnish company turns used batteries into fertilizer
Helsinki, October 18 (Yle)
Tracegrow's technology can be used to benefit the trace elements of used alkaline batteries to circulate them back into nature as micronutrients and fertilizers for farming.

Finnish company Tracegrow has created a method for extracting substances inside used alkaline batteries that can be repurposed and used in farming, specifically for enriching soil and and creating fertilizers to promote the growth of food crops.

Alkaline batteries are stored in different parts of Europe and many end up in garbage dumps. Often batteries are sent to smelters, where the zinc can be extracted, but a large part of the rest of the used battery goes unused.

Tracegrow's solution is to utilise about 80 percent of alkaline battery trace elements for new use.

Their first production facility opened in the summer in Kärsämäki, and the company's goal is a turnover of more than 100 million euros in the next couple of years.

Though there are other companies in the world working in the same field, there hasn't been enough benefitting of batteries in this way internationally. Finland has a high level of expertise in chemistry, which is needed in the development and innovation in this type of work.

Nordea implicated in alleged money laundering scandal
Helsinki, October 17 (Yle)
Finance industry regulators in Sweden received a report which alleges Helsinki-based Nordea Bank accepted dirty money from two banks in the Baltics.

The Swedish Economic Crime Authority has received a report alleging that Nordic banking giant Nordea Bank, which is now headquartered in Helsinki, accepted criminally-sourced funds from banks in Estonia and Lithuania.

The case is reportedly related to a money laundering case involving Denmark's Danske Bank, which according to the Financial Times, faces fines of up to nearly seven billion euros over a major money laundering scandal. International financial authorities are keeping a close eye on Danske Bank after the institution admitted that a large portion of nearly 200 billion euros that arrived from its branch in Estonia were "suspicious," FT reports.

According to news outlet Al Jazeera, Danske Bank acquired the Estonian branch in 2006 and oversaw suspicious transactions amounting to some 200 billion euros over a period of about nine years.

Finland's net payments to EU down in 2017
Helsinki, October 12 (Yle)
Finland paid 50 euros per inhabitant to the European Union in 2017, making a total of 275 million euros -- some 19 million euros less than the previous year.

Finland paid in 275 million euros more to the European Union than it got back in funding in 2017, representing a 19-million-euro drop in its net EU contribution from the previous year, according to European Commission statistics.

The 2017 figure works out to 50 euros per inhabitant, down from 54 euros per inhabitant in 2016, when its payment was 294 million euros - almost twice as much as the 570 million euros it paid in 2015.

Among bloc's states that pay more to the EU than they receive, Finland paid the second-least this year. Of those countries only Ireland, which became an EU net contributor for the first time in 2014, paid less than Finland, according to the finance ministry.

Finland pays substantially less than, for example the Netherlands, Sweden, Germany, Denmark Austria and the UK, even though those countries receive significant payment reductions from the EU.

Due to earlier budget framework programmes that are wrapping up - or delays in the launch of new projects, there are considerable differences that each EU state pays every year.

Finland pricey but more affordable than pre-euro, Yle finds
Helsinki, October 11 (Yle)
Nearly 20 years into sharing a common currency, Finland is still a relatively expensive country, finds an Yle report.

Finland has become a relatively cheaper country to live in since joining the single currency nearly two decades ago, at the beginning of 2002.

Multinational companies have largely abandoned country-specific pricing in the EU. These days, an Ikea cupboard or Apple device cost the same in Spain, Italy or Finland. Clothing and shoe purchases will also dent consumers' wallets more in the other non-Euro Nordics than in Finland, according to EU statistics office Eurostat.

While the common currency seems to have harmonised pricing within the eurozone, particularly as inflation has run up prices in southern and eastern European states, many consumer goods are still more expensive in Finland.

Carbon-absorbing forests
Helsinki, October 11 (Yle)
Finland's forests could mitigate climate change by removing CO2 from the atmosphere, a widening academic achievement gap, and is Finland inching closer to NATO?

Finland could become carbon neutral by conserving and restoring forests, a group of environmental researchers at the Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE), told national daily Helsingin Sanomat in a report outlining climate saving measures. Their call is a reaction to a new alarm sounded by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC, for the world to curb global warming at 1.5 degrees, rather than 2 degrees Celsius.

Achieving this goal by 2050 would mean bringing greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere down to zero. This could be achieved by balancing the amount of carbon released to the atmosphere with the amount that is being removed. Finland's forests store enormous quantities of carbon and could effectively offset Finland's main polluters, including the energy and agricultural sectors.

On Tuesday, Finland's economic affairs minister said government's flagship programme to promote biofuels use is sustainable, despite IPCC statements to the contrary.

Organic food selling briskly – but still a niche market
Helsinki, October 2 (Yle)
Bananas, milk, eggs, meat and baby food are among the best-selling organic foods in Finland.

Organic food sales are growing briskly in Finland, but still only represent a tiny fraction of overall grocery sales, says the Finnish Organic Food Association (Pro Luomu).

From the middle of 2017 to the middle of this year, sales of organic foods totalled 312 million euros, a 13 percent increase from the previous 12-month period.

During the same period, overall grocery sales expanded by about three percent in Finland.

The association bases its estimate of organic sales on figures collected from grocery chains. They indicate that organic food has a market share of 2.3 percent.

The organic market has grown steadily throughout the 2010s. Since 2011 organic sales at retail shops have shot up by some 90 percent, driven by a broadening of the range of items available.

Stubb announces European Commission presidential bid
Helsinki, October 2 (Yle)
Former Finnish PM Alexander Stubb is seeking the EU's highest post.

As expected, former prime minister Alexander Stubb confirmed on Tuesday evening that he will vie to become the conservative candidate for European Commission President.

As the centre-right European People's Party (EPP) group is the largest bloc in the European Commission, its candidate is considered likely to take over from incumbent commission president Jean-Claude Juncker, also from the EPP. It is tipped to remain the biggest group after next May's European Parliament elections.

Stubb told Yle that the prime candidate or "Spitzenkandidat" of the largest group after the election will probably become either the commission president or be chosen for another high-ranking post such as central bank director or Speaker of the European Parliament.

Stubb is the second candidate to throw his hat into the ring. The first was Germany's Manfred Weber, who leads the EPP group in the European Parliament.

24-hour strike to hit public transportation, health care, schools and daycare, retail
Helsinki, October 1 (Yle)
A one-day strike by labour unions will hit the country on Wednesday and is expected to slow public transportation in the Helsinki region, among other things.

Finnish industrial workers will join service, food, and power sector workers in a 24-hour strike on 3 October to protest a government bill that would make it easier for small firms to fire employees. Welfare sector union JHL also launched an indefinite overtime ban starting 1 October.

These measures mean that public services will be affected by walkouts in many key sectors. Read on to find out how.

1. Public transport
Metro and tram services may come to a halt in the capital region. Most public transport conductors are JHL members, all of whom are banned from working overtime or switching shifts.

Helsinki City Transport (HKL) said that routes may have to be dropped if conductors fall ill and no replacement drivers can be found. The organisation said it cannot say in advance which routes and services will be affected.

2. Kindergartens and schools
The JHL strike will also affect daycare services.

Switching care times for children may be more difficult during the industrial action, which does not affect child minders or babysitters.

3. Shops
The Finnish Food Workers' Union (SEL) also begins its strike action on Wednesday. Employees will be on strike at the food companies Atria, HKScan, Olvi, Sinebrychoff, Hartwall, Fazer Confectionary and Saarioinen. The industrial action does not include the dairy, bakery or poultry industries.

4. Hospitals, health centres, elder care
Some hospital and health centre staff such as nurses and maintenance workers are JHL members. Some 60,000 employees in the social and health care sector belong to the union. Niemi-Laine said that the work ban will likely affect surgery schedules.

Number of Chinese tourists in Lapland rise as Japanese visits decline
Helsinki, September 30 (Yle)
The number of Japanese tourists choosing Finnish Lapland as a holiday destination has been in decline since last December.

Overnight stays by Japanese tourists in Lapland have declined every month since the end of last year, according to Statistics Finland figures.

However, at the same time - and for the past decade - the number of Chinese tourists visiting Finland's Arctic region has been steadily increasing. Apart from Lapland, Chinese tourists have also begun to discover other parts of Finland, as well.

Managing director of the tourism firm Visit Rovaniemi, Sanna Kärkkäinen said the decline in tourists from Japan was attributable to fierce competition in the Arctic tourism sector.

She said other destinations above the Arctic Circle, like Iceland, Canada and Norway, have helped to turn Japanese tourists to places other than Lapland.

The head of eTourism research at the University of Eastern Finland's Centre for Tourism Studies, Juho Pesonen said Japanese tourists may be more price-conscious when making holiday plans than their Chinese counterparts.

Finnish bridges get clean bill of health
Helsinki, September 17 (Yle)
Virtually all concrete bridges tested were sound, says the Finnish Transport Agency.

An extensive probe of concrete road and railway bridges in Finland has only turned up one that did not meet durability standards.

The Finnish Transport Agency (FTA) says that even that one exception does not pose an immediate safety risk.

The agency launched the investigation after revelations of quality problems with some concrete structures. It inspected more than 90 of the most heavily-used road and rail bridges around the country. The bridges were built between 2005 and 2016.

"Only one site did not meet the sturdiness requirements, the Kuivajoentie underpass bridge on the Oulu-Kemi train line, which was built in 2016. It does not pose a safety risk, but we will carry out more a detailed study of the decline in its bearing capacity,” the FTA's Head of Engineering Structures, Minna Torkkeli, said in a statement on Monday.

The agency says the Kuivajoentie bridge can now support a maximum axle load of 22.5 tonnes, whereas it was designed for an axle load of 35 tonnes.

Torkkeli says that the bridge's air content was incorrectly measured when it was built. It was now found to be 12 percent, whereas the maximum permissible content is around five percent.

Think tank forecasts slower growth for Finland
Helsinki, September 13 (Yle)
Finnish GDP growth will slow next year to 2.4 percent after hitting 2.6 percent this year, forecasts the PTT Economic research institute.

PTT says employment has increased during the current upswing, with some 75,000 more people in work in July than a year earlier. That growth is set to continue next year, with another 30,000 people in work by July 2019, according to PTT.

That would bring the unemployment rate down to seven percent, but PTT says further reductions may be difficult as it's harder to get people back into work if they have been out of the labour force for long periods.

Another concern is reduced spending on research and development, which PTT says could make productivity gains harder to achieve.

PTT also expressed concern over the potential for slower global economic growth due to trade wars and tariffs, especially between the United States and China.

PTT's forecast decline in growth is less steep than others, with Nordea predicting a one percentage point drop in economic growth in 2019.

Chinese giant eyes Finland's Amer Sports in possible €4bn deal
Helsinki, September 5 (Yle)
Finnish sporting goods giant Amer Sports has confirmed it received interest from a Chinese consortium.

Shares in Amer Sports jumped by as much as 14 percent on speculation Tuesday, ahead of the company confirming it had received a non-binding buyout offer from a Chinese investment firm and Chinese competitor Anta Sports Products Limited, according to the Bloomberg news outlet. Trades of Amer Sports shares were temporarily halted on Tuesday morning.

An unnamed source told Reuters news agency the possible buyout could be valued at up to four billion euros.

Amer Sports confirmed the Chinese conglomerate's offer in an exchange filing issued on Tuesday, however, the firm said it has made no decisions on whether it plans to go ahead with the deal.

"In response to media speculation, Amer Sports Corporation confirmed that it had received a non-binding preliminary indication of interest from a consortium comprising Anta Sports Products Limited and the Asian private equity firm FountainVest Partners to acquire the entire share capital of Amer Sports," the company wrote in a press release.

The Helsinki-based Amer Sports said its shareholders would be entitled to a 40 euro-per-share cash consideration for all of their shares in the company.

Anta Sports is China's largest sports gear company which develops, manufactures and markets sports footwear, apparel and accessories, with a market value of about 12.5 billion euros.

Amer Sports owns rights to many popular international sporting brands like Atomic, Suunto, Wilson, Louisville Slugger baseball bats and Salomon, with an estimated market value of around 3.7 billion euros.

Amer -- which began as a tobacco company in 1950 -- also owns the rights to brands including Arc'teryx, Mavic and Precor.

Finland's GDP growth to contract over next 2 years, Nordea outlook says
Helsinki, September 5 (Yle)
The economies of Finland and other Nordic countries are still improving, but the escalating global trade war is gaining momentum, according to Nordea Bank.

Nordic banking firm Nordea said the Finnish economy is continuing to expand along a "healthy growth track," attributing the expansion to consumption driven by improved labour markets and wage development. The bank issued its economic outlook on Wednesday.

According to official national figures, Finland's employment rate has improved over the past year. In July state-owned number cruncher Statistics Finland reported the trend of the employment rate was 71.9 percent, just shy of the 72 percent employment target that Prime Minister Juha Sipilä's government set when it took office four years ago.

On Wednesday however, Nordea warned that Finland's employment growth "is likely to cool as the labour market mismatch takes a negative turn."

Growth will slow
The bank noted that export growth in Finland has already slowed and said it expects that expansion of export markets will continue "to cool further in the coming years."

The bank projected GDP growth of three percent this year and two percent next year, while growth would further contract to 1.5 percent in 2020.

Nordea's forecast for this year is in line with competitor bank Aktia's recent outlook, which also predicted three percent growth in 2018. However Aktia expected slightly more growth of 2.2 percent in 2019.

On a worldwide scale, Nordea said it expects global GDP to grow by 3.8 percent this year, slightly contracting over the next two years, to 3.4 percent growth in 2020.

"The global economy entered 2018 with positive momentum. While the relatively strong growth is set to continue, a slowdown is already taking place. Still, we expect growth to hold up relatively well in 2019, before a more material slowdown hits in 2020," the bank wrote in its economic outlook published on Wednesday.

Finnair's new CEO scooped from Nordea
Helsinki, September 4 (Yle)
Banker Topi Manner, who has been named the new CEO of Finnair, reiterated the company's zero-tolerance policy regarding alcohol consumption on the job.

Topi Manner has been named Finnair's new CEO. Manner will start the job at the beginning of 2019.

According to a Finnair press release, Manner has a long career in management positions at Nordea, the largest financial group in the Nordic countries, where he has worked for about 20 years.

Since 2016, Manner has worked as a member of Nordea's group executive management and as head of personal banking.

According to Nordea's press release, Manner said the Finnair offer "was one I couldn't turn down."

Finnair's current CEO Pekka Vauramo, as previously announced, will be taking a job as the CEO of Metso as of 1 November. In the interim, CFO Pekka Vähähyyppä will act as interim CEO.

Finnair increases number of flights to Japan
Helsinki, August 29 (Yle)
Finnair has announced that it will be adding frequencies on many of its Asian routes next summer.

The expansion of its Asian links continues what Finnair says has been recent "strong growth" in key markets on the continent. Finnair markets itself as "a network airline specialised in flying between Europe and Asia".

The airline is, for example, to add extra frequencies to several of its Japanese services. Three weekly flights will be added on the Helsinki to Osaka route, meaning that Finnair will fly a total of 10 weekly frequencies to the city during the summer season (which starts on March 31).

Plus, Finnair will operate double-daily flights on its Tokyo link for the whole 2019 summer season, and will also add a third daily flight during to the capital Japan's Golden Week holiday (which runs from April 29 to 6 May).

In addition, Finnair is also switching to an Airbus A350 aircraft on the Nagoya route from May 5 next year.

Finnair operates all flights to Japan in co-operation with its joint business partners: Japan Airlines, British Airways and Iberia.

Including the joint business flights provided with Japan Airlines, Finnair will offer up to 41 weekly frequencies to Japan during the summer 2019 season.

2019 budget plan offers carrots and sticks
Helsinki, August 29 (Yle)
The budget plan unveiled on Wednesday offers higher allowances and subsidies for some, while raising taxes on alcohol and soft drinks, for instance.

The Finnish government has reached agreement on next year's budget, the last of its legislative term. The blueprint totals just over 55 billion euros with a deficit target of 1.4 billion. The cabinet promises that the overall tax burden will not rise.

The budget includes an agricultural crisis package of nearly 90 million euros. The farming sector, hard hit by drought this summer, is still a key constituency for Prime Minister Juha Sipilä's Centre Party, formerly known as the Agrarian Party.

Some 45 million euros will also be earmarked for protection of the Baltic Sea, a shallow body of water where eutrophication and toxic algae blooms have been worsened by agricultural runoff and fish farming.

The cabinet has given the green light to a new form of investment savings account proposed by Finance Minister Petteri Orpo of the conservative National Coalition Party. Set to begin in 2020, it would offer tax deferrals to those who invest as long as capital gains go into an investment savings account, with a cap of 50,000 euros.

The budget plan also calls for an extension of the so-called "Lex Lindström," a scheme championed by Labour Minister Jari Lindström of the smallest government partner, the Blue Reform party. It allows older long-term unemployed people to apply for increased benefits before receiving pensions. The original plan took effect on a one-off basis in June 2017, aimed at those over the age of 60 who have been out of work for at least five years.

Consumer confidence falls in August
Helsinki, August 27 (Yle)
Statistics Finland and the Confederation of Finnish Industries (EK) both report slight dips in economic confidence indicators for August.

Statistics Finland reports that consumer confidence shifted from 21.5 points in August to 22.0 points in July, compared to a long-term average of 12.6.

According to the private sector business lobby group EK, industry confidence came down to 13 points from 14 points in July, but is still well above the long-term average.

Despite the slight dips in the two indicators, both Statistics Finland and the Confederation of Finnish Industries reported that the Finns are still quite optimistic in their overall views of the economy.

New super museum?
Helsinki, August 21 (Yle)
It has been some two years since the City of Helsinki voted down plans to build a Guggenheim art museum in Helsinki. But now the city is looking into a proposal to erect a new ‘super museum' for design and architecture, writes national daily Helsingin Sanomat.

"The best site for an interesting new museum would be one that really impacts the surrounding area," explained Helsinki City Deputy Mayor for Urban Environment Anni Sinnemäki of the 60-80 million-euro project.

A working group report commissioned by the Ministry of Education and Culture, the City of Helsinki, the foundation for the Design Museum and the foundation for the Museum of Finnish Architecture and the Architecture Information Centre proposes the South Harbour or the Hietalahti harbour area as possible locations.

In 2016 the Helsinki city council rejected a controversial proposal to contribute to financing construction of a Guggenheim art museum, following some six years of planning and lobbying by the New York-based Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation.

Unemployment figures fall again in July
Helsinki, August 21 (Yle)
Statistics Finland reports there were 183,000 people without jobs in Finland in July, 24,000 fewer than one year prior.

Unemployment in Finland continues its downward trajectory. Statistics Finland's Labour Force Survey compares the same month in 2017 and 2018, and shows that this year in July, there were 183,000 unemployed in Finland, while last year there were 207,000.

The state-owned number cruncher says that the trend of the employment rate was 71.9 percent, when adjusted for seasonal and random variations.

This figure is just shy of the 72 percent employment target that Prime Minister Juha Sipilä's government set when it took office four years ago.

Seasonal factors have a significant effect on employment figures from month to month, Statistics Finland explains, and this is why it is more informative to examine levels year-on-year. Seasonal and random variation adjustments then make the data mutually comparable, allowing for better recognition of trends.

The drop means that there are now 75,000 more people who are considered employed in Finland than one year earlier. Statistics Finland calculates that, as of last month, there were 2.63 million residents of Finland who had work. Without seasonal adjustment, this rate of employment would be at 74.1 percent.

Data also shows that there were 43,000 fewer people in the "inactive population" in Finland in July 2018. This puts the total of "people who are not employed or unemployed" at 1.3 million people.

Finnish GDP growth slows, inflation and employment edge up
Helsinki, August 14 (Yle)
Inflation accelerated slightly this summer thanks to costlier fuel, tobacco and hotels, says Statistics Finland.

The Finnish economy remained robust in the spring and early summer, but there was a hint of slowing in June in data released Tuesday by Statistics Finland. The figures indicate that Finland's seasonally adjusted GDP rose by half a percentage point between the first and second quarters. However seasonally adjusted output slipped by 3-tenths of a percent from May to June.

Meanwhile the number of people working was about two percent higher than a year earlier. The number of hours worked outpaced that, climbing by three percent in a year.

Fuel, tobacco and hotels pricier in July
Preliminary data for July suggest that inflation is on the rise. State number-crunchers estimate that consumer prices edged up by 1.4 percent last month on a year-on-year basis. In June the rate was 1.2 percent. Statistics Finland points to higher price tags on items such as petrol, cigarettes and hotel stays as driving the growth in inflation from June to July.

The central statistics office notes that these latest figures are still preliminary, promising more fine-grained data at the end of August.

Finland's tech sector orders fall slightly as trade war unfolds
Helsinki, August 7 (Yle)
The number of orders and bid requests in the tech sector dropped somewhat over the summer, according to the Technology Industries of Finland.

While Finland's tech sector is still doing relatively well, the outlook for technology industry is slightly more negative than previously thought as orders fall, according to a group representing technology companies.

Chief economist Jukka Palokangas from the Technology Industries of Finland says the number of orders that member firms received over the summer has slightly dipped.

He said compared to the first quarter of this year, orders went down by one percent during the second quarter, from April to June.

The number of orders fell further in July, while the number of new bid requests has also dropped, according to the group.

Palokangas says global economic uncertainty is putting pressure on technology companies, and that the ongoing international trade war is raising the costs of raw materials.

“It's necessary that Finland and the EU make use of all their political prestige and trade policy skills to solve these problems. Protectionism has only negative effects on Finnish exports,” Palokangas says.

On the whole though, Finland's technology companies still benefit from strong order books and have hired 10,000 new employees since last year, Palokangas says.

Single-day record: Cruise ships brought 11,000 tourists to Helsinki on Monday
Helsinki, August 7 (Yle)
Three giant cruise ships brought thousands of tourists into Helsinki on Monday and record-breaking numbers are expected to visit the capital this year.

A total of 11,000 passengers arrived on Monday on three gigantic cruise ships moored in the West Harbour and Hernesaari ports. For example, the Norwegian Breakaway, a behemoth ship operated by Norwegian Cruise Line, carries 5,000 passengers alone.

International cruise ship companies have brought a record-number of the tourists to Helsinki so far this summer, as well.

Last year, a total of 266 cruise ships arrived in Helsinki, bringing a total of 478,000 passengers to the city. Calculated estimates by the city show that the average cruise ship tourist spends an average of 64 euros during their stay in Helsinki.

Popular: Public saunas
Helsinki's tourism promotion company Helsinki Marketing says that this year, cruise ship visitors tend to be most excited about the city's public saunas.

"Saunas are a huge thing, culturally. The new urban saunas like Kulttuurisauna, Allas and Loyly have received a lot of international media attention and represent a new interpretation of Helsinki's public sauna tradition and shared sauna culture," says Helsinki Marketing CEO Laura Aalto.

She said many tourists have told the marketing firm that Finns were very friendly and helpful during their visits.

"They are taken aback by the fact that everyone can speak English. Many have even praised our service culture," Aalto says.

Brexit talks
Helsinki, August 6 (Yle)
Former MP and MEP Risto E. J. Penttilä argues in business paper Talouselämä that the European Union has been too uncompromising in the Brexit negotiations.

According to Penttilä, who currently heads think tank Nordic West Office, a chaotic Brexit will not benefit anyone.

Penttilä argues that the negotiators on the EU's side have crushed the UK's hopes that trade between them could continue as before even after Brexit. This is because the EU fears that an easy exit from the bloc will invite countries in the Eastern Europe to try the same, he says.

"This analysis is completely wrong. The East European countries need the EU for their security policy."

Penttilä says it would be smart for the EU to maintain good relations with Great Britain, not only because of free trade but also because of the transatlantic connection.

As regards the global economy, Penttilä says a huge storm is brewing.

"We are facing a threat of a trade war, a chaotic Brexit and a banking crisis in Italy."

Overheated Helsinki residents seek relief at air conditioned hotels
Helsinki, July 31 (Yle)
The capital city's balmy temperatures and high humidity have caused sleepless, sweaty nights for many residents.

Many of Helsinki's apartment buildings are ill-equipped to deal with this summer's heat wave.

Some people have fled their hot flats for cooler hotels, for example Hotel Helka in downtown Helsinki, according to the hotel's manager, Jukka Räisänen.

He said more than a few of the hotel's recent guests have been locals who live on the same street as the hotel itself.

As they make their booking, these guests - often elderly people - immediately ask whether the hotel rooms are air conditioned.

"Older people who live in old, brick buildings in the Töölö neighbourhood have gravitated our way this summer," Räisänen said.

Each room has a thermostat which can be adjusted to the guest's preference, he said.

"We dial in the temperature so that it is pleasant when the guest arrives. Then they can adjust it to their liking," he said, adding that this isn't the first year locals have sought refuge from the heat.

Finnish entrepreneurs cultivate 'cannabis light' with eye to export
Helsinki, July 29 (Yle)
A less addictive, high-quality version of cannabis known as CBD could be a hit product for Finland on the expanding world market, developers say.

Hannu Hyvönen sekä Swiss Dream -lajikkeen emikukintoja Finolan hedekasvien pölytettävänä Kiuruvedellä. Hannu Hyvönen from the Finnish firm Happusampo Image: Hannu Hyvönen Finnish cannabis company Hamppusampo is carrying out experiments this summer to test various methods of cultivating a non-intoxicating strain of cannabis in fields and greenhouses. The aim is to develop cannabidiol products to sell in Finland and abroad – if Finnish legislation is changed to allow growing on a commercial scale.

Cannabidiol – also known as CBD or "cannabis light" – does not contain THC, the main psychoactive intoxicant in marijuana. The World Health Organisation declared that CBD is not harmful or addictive and may in fact be used to treat drug addiction.

Under Finnish law it is basically legal to grow any type of hemp as long as it is not done with the intent of intoxication. Hamppusampo has a permit from the Food Safety Agency Evira to import the seeds it uses for research and product development purposes.

Hyvönen notes that there are already several thousand hectares of farmland, primarily in the south-west, devoted to growing FINOLA. Developed in 1995 in Finland, FINOLA was the first industrial oilseed hemp to be registered in Canada and the EU. The oilseed hemp variety naturally has a high CBD content, Hyvönen says, and breeding efforts seek to bolster the CBD content even further.

Worldwide, legal cannabis is a rapidly-expanding sector. The business magazine Forbes predicts that consumers will be using nearly 50 billion euros worth of legal cannabis products annually by 2027. So far the market has been dominated by countries such as Canada, the US, Israel, the Netherlands and Switzerland, where legislation has been changed to decriminalise cannabis use.

White-collar criminals flout bans to carry on business as usual in Finland
Helsinki, July 28 (Yle)
Many Finnish firms are led by individuals who have been convicted of white-collar crimes.

A study by the Yle investigative news programme MOT reveals that nearly 400 Finns, or about a third of people banned from business operations, are still working in corporate management positions. In some cases they get around the ban by setting up companies abroad.

Temporary or permanent disqualifications from the pursuit of commercial activities are almost always imposed as a result of convictions for financial crimes. They are aimed at preventing the perpetrators from committing more such violations.

"Most of those who are prohibited from conducting business have been found guilty of criminal activities that are considered 'non-minor'. In practice this means general financial crimes such as aggravated tax fraud, debtor's dishonesty or bookkeeping violations," Detective Superintendent Jukka Korkiatupa of the National Bureau of Investigation told MOT.

Minister seeks EU-wide bans
In June, there were 1,181 people in Finland under business bans. More than 85 percent of them were men. A standard ban imposed by a district court lasts 3-7 years.

According to the trade register, 376 of them were still board members, CEOs or held other executive positions. They served in nearly 700 firms, with many of them involved in several companies. Eighty-two of these firms were officially domiciled in Finland's southern neighbour, Estonia.

Interior Minister Kai Mykkänen is calling for the European Union to set up a common system of business bans to fight financial crime.

"I think we need EU-wide business bans, because entrepreneurs quite extensively set up firms in various countries and it's clear that you can circumvent the rules by establishing a company in Estonia or Sweden, for instance," he says.

Nokia issues disappointing Q2 result, banking on 5G roll-out in second half
Helsinki, July 26 (Yle)
Nokia's figures for the second quarter reveal a profit loss of 42 percent, but the company expects the launch of the 5G network in the US to help sales in the second half of the year.

Network services giant Nokia saw its operating profit fall to 334 million euros in April through June of this year, down 42 percent from 574 million euros in the same period one year ago.

The news agency Reuters says the disappointing result did not meet the analyst mean forecast of 373 million euros.

During the second quarter, Nokia's turnover fell six percent to 5.32 billion euros.

Despite this bad news, the company is sticking to its outlook for 2018. Active cost-saving plans are on schedule and close to meeting their targets, and the transition to the next generation 5G network – promising between 15 to 50 percent faster service – is expected to pick things up when deployment in the US starts at the end of the year.

The fourth quarter has typically been Nokia's strongest period.

"Nokia's Q2 2018 results were consistent with our view that the first half of the year would be weak, followed by an increasingly robust second half," CEO Rajeev Suri wrote in a Nokia press release.

Posti delivers record number of parcels in first half of 2018
Helsinki, July 25 (Yle)
Posti said deliveries of consumer parcels grew 22 percent, driven by online shopping.

Posti said it delivered a record number of parcels – 20.9 million – in the first half of this year driven by growth in online shopping.

The number of parcels increased 12 percent from the same period in 2017, the postal and logistics company said, with consumer parcels experiencing an even more stellar growth rate of 22 percent.

At the same time, the number of addressed letters decreased by 5 percent over the period.

The company's operating profit rose to 6.1 million in the second quarter, while net sales decreased slightly to 402 million euros.

According to Posti's chief executive Heikki Malinen, net sales and profit for 2018 are expected to remain similar to 2017 or decrease slightly.

Employment up, nears gov't target
Helsinki, July 24 (Yle)
The Finnish employment rate is edging towards the government's target of 72 percent.

As the upswing in GDP growth continues, Finland's employment rate is closing in on the government's target of 72 percent.

Last year the economy grew by 2.8 percent, according to recently-revised figures from Statistics Finland. That bubbly economy has seen an extra 50,000 people join the workforce, bringing the seasonally-adjusted employment rate to 72 percent according to the Ministry of Employment's claimant count.

The Statistics Finland Labour Market survey, which is collected via interviews with jobseekers and is therefore comparable to similar figures from other countries, puts the employment rate at 71.8 percent.

The rate has increased by a whole percentage point since December, with some 100,000 more people now in work than at this time last year.

PM Juha Sipilä's centre-right government had set itself a target of increasing the employment rate to 72 percent in an effort to reduce the so-called 'sustainability gap' between projected state income and expenditure in future years.

Food prices back on the rise after four years of markdowns
Helsinki, July 21 (Yle)
Food prices are going up again on world markets, and the increase is starting to be reflected in Finland's supermarkets.

Prices for food stuffs are on the rise again in Finland after four years of falling rates and cut-throat price slashing campaigns among Finland's top three competing grocery chains.

Finland's Natural Resources Institute Luke has charted growing food prices and determined that consumer food expenses in May 2018 went up by 2.4 percent when compared to the year before.

The food groups that have seen the largest increase in price include fruits and vegetables, berries, butter and meat products. The change can be explained in part by a rise in cereal prices and a drop in fresh produce due to drought.

Luke researcher Jyrki Niemi says the switch has been surprisingly swift.

"Consumer purchasing power has also improved, so sales have picked up. Price tags aren't such an important factor in the buying decision," he says.

Finnish president Niinistö thanks Finns on Facebook after summit
Helsinki, July 18 (Yle)
After the summit President Niinistö had a drink with his staff, went under the knife and opened up on social media.

After welcoming the presidents of the US and Russia to Helsinki, President Sauli Niinistö had a few things to do. First he went for a drink with his staff in a local bar (a photo appeared in Jodel, a community app and featured in Helsingin Sanomat, who pointed out how rare that is for a head of state), then he went into hospital for a routine operation, and finally he took to Facebook to offer Finns a summary of the last few days.

In the Facebook update Niinistö said how relieved he was that all the practicalities went according to plan, thanking all those involved in making it a success.

"I pay tribute to all those thousands who played their different roles in making this a success on a tight timetable," wrote the president. "A lot of people roasted in suits and uniforms, many of them helping to distribute information in a hectic environment, accommodating and transporting guests and so on."

Niinistö also noted that demonstrators around the summit put forward good ideas, and even helped him make his points to the two leaders. "It was a lot of help to me, I didn't need to jab my finger at the guests—it was enough to refer to the demonstrations and say that they were making good points," said Niinistö.

Fortum wraps up 3.7bn-euro purchase of German power firm Uniper
Helsinki, June 26 (Yle)
Finnish energy giant Fortum said Tuesday that it had purchased 47.35 percent of Uniper and could increase its shareholding to 50 percent.

The completion of Fortum's takeover bid for the German fossil-fuel energy company Uniper gives the Finnish company a 47.35 percent stake in the firm, along with 47.12 percent of voting rights.

In a release issued Tuesday, Fortum said that it had paid a total of 3.7 billion euros in a cash deal for all of the shares up for sale.

The transaction followed a green light from the European Commission and Russia's anti-monopoly authority. The company said that it has clearance to purchase up to 50 percent of Uniper in accordance with a limitation set by Russian regulators, and indicated that it may follow through to further secure its voting position in future Uniper annual general meetings.

Uniper has a subsidiary in Russia, Unipro, whose core business is electricity production from gas and coal.

Fortum said that as of 30 June, it will consolidate Uniper as an associated company.

Nokian Tyres to boost production, hire 80 workers at plant in central Finland
Helsinki, June 9 (Yle)
Finnish manufacturer Nokian Tyres has plans to ramp up production of passenger vehicle tyres by 30 percent.

Nokian Tyres said it plans to add a fourth shift to the three already in place at their facility in the town of Nokia, near Tampere in south-central Finland, and to hire more than 80 new workers towards the effort.

The recruitment process has already begun. The new hires and fourth shifts at the plant will start in September, the company said on Friday.

The firm's CEO, Hille Korhonen, said Nokian's strategy of growth needs an increase in production.

"Nokian Tyres has experienced strong growth, and our goal is to continue on this path by doubling our North American business and growing our business in Central Europe by 50 percent over the next five years. At the same time, we want to ensure our continuous market leadership in the Nordic countries and Russia," Korhonen said.

Sales up by nearly 6%, led by brisk car business
Helsinki, June 9 (Yle)
Most sales figures rose this past spring, but there were some dark spots. For instance, sales of daily consumer goods dipped slightly.

According to Statistics Finland, overall sales climbed by 5.9 percent in April compared to a year earlier. Leading the way were motor vehicle sales, which surged by 13.6 percent over 2017.

Growth in wholesale trade outpaced that in retail, rising by 6.4 percent compared to 1.3 percent for retail trade. The strongest retail sales came from specialised stores, while there was actually a slight decline of 1.6 percent in sales of daily consumer goods. Department store sales remained flat, the official number-crunchers said on Wednesday.

Easter affects food sales in different months
Over the first four months of the year, retail sales were up by 3.2 percent while wholesale trade rose by 5.2 percent year-on-year. Car sales gained 5.5 percent in the January-through-April period. Overall trade was 4.7 percent higher than in early 2017.

The central statistics office points out a quirk of spring retail reporting: the variable date of Easter. Its reported annual changes in sales are not adjusted according to seasons or trading days. In other words the impact of public holidays is not considered. So, for example, Easter falling in different months shows up in food sales during March and April.

Speaker of Parliament: No health reform vote before summer break
Helsinki, June 9 (Yle)
Lawmakers won't make a final decision on a regional government, health and social services reform until after the summer, says the Speaker of Parliament.

Speaker of Parliament Paula Risikko said she does not believe that MPs will be able to vote on the massive ‘sote' reform package before the legislature's summer recess as planned. She spoke at the conservative National Coalition Party (NCP) congress in Turku on Saturday.

"It is absolutely certain that the votes will not take place before the summer break. That has dawned on everyone involved," she told Yle.

At present, the Parliament's last regular plenary session is scheduled for 29 June, with extra sessions pencilled in to be held "as needed" through 5 July.

Finland's taxi drivers bracing for reform rollout in July
Helsinki, June 5 (Yle)
Finland's taxi industry is about to undergo the biggest changes it's possibly ever experienced: deregulation and the introduction of a competitive market.

Taxi drivers and cab companies are wondering how upcoming deregulation of the taxi industry will end up affecting their businesses.

Some of their worries include questions like: what will happen when Uber returns to Finland after being unceremoniously banished last summer? Will Estonian or Swedish taxi cabs arrive to steal their customers? Will there be enough customers for the new taxi options?

Some customers are also wondering about what changes the reforms could bring. One thing is certain, at least according to capital city taxi driver Kaj-Erik Selenius, who said "the Helsinki taxi business is going to be like the Wild West this summer."

"But things should calm down after a while. Gold diggers who arrive in their moped cars and vans to drive taxis will definitely see there's no gold mine in driving a taxi in Finland," Selenius predicted.

He drives for Kovanen, one of the larger taxi firms in town, and said the major taxi companies are not very threatened by the coming reforms.

Report: Finland's industrial sector in good shape
Helsinki, May 30 (Yle)
Finland's industrial sector is outpacing the EU average, says the Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

Things are going well in the country's industrial sector, says a report out Wednesday from the Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA).

In March the think-tank said that the industrial sector would grow by a brisk 4.3 percent this year and 4.1 percent in 2019.

Now ETLA says the Finnish metals industry is doing better than the average of other EU states - and because of low exports to the US, the Finnish steel industry doesn't really feel the burn of newly-introduced US steel tariffs.

ETLA researcher Birgitta Berg-Andersson says cold-rolled steel was Finland's fifth-most important industrial export product, noting that less than one percent of that steel went to the US market.

Auto industry growing
Finland's automotive industry is expected to grow as well. ETLA predicts that vehicle production will expand by 20 percent this year and by 15 percent in 2019, saying the outlook is good for both the automotive and the ship building industries.

Production of paper goods - including cardboard and cellulose products - during the first quarter of this year grew significantly, compared to EU averages, with paper goods companies receiving an influx of new orders.

An increase in investments in the lumber products industry is expected in Finland and neighbouring countries Sweden, Estonia and Russia, according to the report.

ETLA noted, however the recent increased profitability of the lumber industry was due to a general reduction in workers.

Finnish organisations scrambling to comply with EU data protection rules
Helsinki, May 25 (Yle)
New data protection laws go into force on Friday, leaving some small organisations scratching their heads.

With the EU's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) coming into force on May 25, companies and organisations have been making frantic preparations for the new regime. By Friday, organisations will have to inform customers about why they are collecting their data, how it will be used and with whom it will be shared, among other things.

In Finland, at least, organisations run by foreigners are hard-pressed to find information on the new rules in English.

"There's very little decent material about it online, and there's some Finnish material which is not really good. When it comes to English, we have to focus on material from the US or UK, which is not really good for small organisations who don't handle bank data or credit card numbers,” says Julie Breton of Moniheli, an umbrella organisation representing more than 100 multicultural associations in Finland.

The data framework aims to give the bloc's citizens more control over their data and better reflect today's digital reality. GDPR supersedes non-binding EU guidelines issued in 1995, a time of dial-up modems and floppy disks. Twenty years ago personal data was not the huge money-generating commodity it is today. Now people regularly volunteer personal information on social networks but do not necessarily understand it may be passed on to third parties -- and often for profit.

"GDPR is interesting from the perspective of managing data leaks and how hacks are managed," computer security expert Mikko Hyppönen told Yle News, alluding to how companies operating in the EU will have to notify their customers within 72 hours of a data breach.

Finnair's CEO gears up for move to Metso
Helsinki, May 21 (Yle)
Finnair chief executive Pekka Vauramo is leaving for a new post as CEO of engineering giant Metso after a successful five-year stint at the airline.

Finnair CEO Pekka Vauramo will move to the same post at gearmaker Metso by November. The search for his replacement began on Monday. He has led the flag carrier since mid-2013.

According to Metso chair Mikael Lilius, "Vauramo has a proven track record in leading businesses facing competitive global markets, and he has long and extensive experience in the mining industry and in an international business environment."

The job at Metso represents a return to the engineering sector for Vauramo, who has previously worked for Sandvik and Cargotec.

"I am familiar with Metso's operating environment thanks to my long background in the industry, and therefore I find the opportunity to start leading Metso an attractive one," says Vauramo.

Metso hopes for a period of stability after the surprise departure of its last CEO, the Belgian Nico Delvaux, who defected to lock-maker Assa Abloy after less than a year in his post.

Metso makes grinding mills and crushers for the mining industry as well as valves and pumps for the oil and gas sector. Metso and Finnair are both majority state-owned.

Helsinki city reports major data network failure
Helsinki, May 16 (Yle)
Key computer and telephone networks run by the city of Helsinki began malfunctioning on Tuesday evening and were not back online by Wednesday morning.

The disruptions were due to technical updates carried out by network services firm Elisa, according to the company's communications chief Maija-Liisa Kasurinen.

Elisa said on Wednesday they were working on getting the services back online.

Public transport affected
Most of the city's public transportation ticket machines were also out of action. Helsinki Regional Transport Authority's (HSL) tram and metro systems were affected by the network failure, resulting in delays to many services.

HSL's bus, metro, tram and train stop information screens were downed by the outage.

The computer failure also affected Helsinki's health care services. On Wednesday morning the city's health centre telephone system was down. City officials urged people requiring emergency services to call the public emergency telephone number 112.

City services phone lines facing problems
In addition, there were reports of city telephone numbers and email system outages, and problems were reported at some libraries across the city with some services out of service.

However, online services and web pages maintained by the city appeared to be functional, including HSL's websites.

Finland offers free online Artificial Intelligence course to anyone, anywhere
Helsinki, May 16 (Yle)
Helsinki University hopes that one percent of the Finnish population - some 54,000 people - will take the online course this year. So far 24,000 have signed up.

Helsinki University and tech strategy firm Reaktor say they want to make Finland the world's most educated country in the field of artificial intelligence.

The academic and business partners say they want Finland to become forerunners in AI, and have developed an online course covering the quickly-growing technology open to anyone, free of charge.

"The Elements of Artificial Intelligence" online course is entirely in English and offered to people who are interested in learning more about AI.

User interface designer at Reaktor Janina Fagerlund says people might not know it, bu their lives are already affected - one way or another - by AI every single day.

As a perhaps unexpected example, Fagerlund says that AI is used in industrial food production to sort produce and other items at food processing facilities. Most people know that self-driving cars use the technology but some may not be aware that AI is used by tech firms such as Facebook and Google to identify faces and other objects in photographs.

Fagerlund says AI will have as big a revolutionary impact on the world as electricity did towards the end of the 19th century.

The University of Helsinki has offered a course in AI for the past few years. Due to increased interest in the subject, the institution collaborated with Reaktor to create an online course to meet the growing demand.

Court backs Nokian Tyres, throws out case over 90M euros in back taxes
Helsinki, May 14 (Yle)
The Administrative Court overturned a previous ruling by tax authorities in a protracted tax dispute with the tyre firm over taxes owed..

Stock-listed tyre manufacturer Nokian Tyres announced Monday that it had won out over the Finnish Tax Administration in a long-running dispute over taxes owed over its operations in Russia.

An Administrative Court reversed a decision by Vero's appeal board calling on the firm to pay some 89.2 million euros in back taxes. It also ordered the tax authority to pay the tyre company's legal expenses to the tune of some 40,000 euros.

Dispute over firm's operations in Russia
The disputeturns on a tax audit of the company's operations between 2012 and 2013. Thereview focused on intercompany transactions between Nokian Tyres and itssubsidiaries in Russia between 2007 and 2011.

According to tax officials, Nokian Tyres neglected to pay related taxes accrued as part of its transfer pricing practices. The company declared the finding as unsubstantiated and immediately appealed the ruling.

The firmargued that the decision meant that it would have had to pay taxes on the samerevenues in both Russia and Finland.

As a result of the authority's reassessment, Nokian Tyres ended up paying 89.2 million euros in additional taxes and penalties between 2007 and 2010. In January 2017, the company sought a review of the new assessment in the administrative court. Ministry: Over 55s lead rise in employment rates
Helsinki, May 8 (Yle)
An uptick in exports, increasing domestic consumption and growing corporate investments have been driving rising employment rates in Finland.

New figures from the Ministry for Employment and Economic Affairs indicate that workers aged 55 to 64 are leading the charge toward rising employment.

According to ministry advisor Johanna Alatalo, officials were initially sceptical of the numbers. She added that it's now beginning to seem that government is getting closer to its goal of achieving 72 percent employment by 2019.

“No one really thought they were realistic. It's now beginning to seem that we are getting somewhat close to the goal. During the last four to five months employment has grown a great deal,” she noted.

The rebound in employment figures can be attributed to stronger than expected economic growth. Exports have picked up, consumption is on the increase and investors are becoming more active, officials pointed out.

Jobs for everyone
According to data from Statistics Finland and the ministry, it seems that every age group has benefitted from the jobs boom. That's because of the scope of the increased economic activity, which has not been concentrated in specific areas or sectors, Alatalo said.

"You could say that many different groups have found work. Both men and women of all ages and professions have found employment in all geographical locations," she added.

However the data show that one age group stands out from all the others in terms of a steep increase in employment. According to ministry figures, the employment rate rose highest among workers aged 55 and over.

Taxi market liberalisation set to alter fares and services in July
Helsinki, May 5 (Yle)
Finland has decided to deregulate its taxi industry, almost three decades after neighbouring Sweden took the same step. What kind of changes can customers and the industry expect after July 1?

Beginning July 1, Finland's heavily regulated taxi market will be liberalized and the market will be opened up to competition. Fares and pricing criteria will change, along with the procedure for ordering a cab and obtaining a taxi license. Former regulations on maximum fares, cars and drivers will become a thing of the past.

Finland's Ministry for Transport and Communications is revamping many facets of its transport services with a legislative reform it says will create new service models and ease market access.

In the case of the taxi industry, this means a broader fleet of different kinds of taxi services and drivers. Those who wish to receive a license to operate a taxi, for example, will no longer have to attend a compulsory course, as new drivers will be subject to only a driving test in order to qualify.

Finland's trade minister: Solution must be found to looming US steel, aluminium tariffs
Helsinki, May 1 (Yle)
Finland's Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Anne-Mari Virolainen says that a solution regarding looming aluminum and steel tariffs by the US must be found before a new deadline is reached in June.

The tariffs, which many fear could trigger a global trade war, were scheduled to go into effect on Tuesday.

Finland's Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Anne-Mari Virolainen said the EU and the US need to reach a solution to the looming tariffs in sight by 22 May. That's when EU trade ministers are scheduled to meet, one week ahead of the Trump administration's new June deadline .

European trade ministers have said that the EU has worked on many levels with the US in order to avoid a trade war.

"The uncertainty continues. It's bad for all parties, and furthermore, [tariffs] don't solve the underlying problem of over-production," Virolainen told Finnish news agency STT.

Limited impact on Finnish economy
If the US goes ahead with its tariff plans on imported steel and aluminium in June, it would mean import duties of 10 or 25 percent on those products.

Such limited tariffs would not impact Finland very much however, as only two percent of its exported steel and aluminium ends up on the US market. According to Finland's Customs Board the planned tariffs would amount to some 73 million euros per year.

Regarding the rest of Europe, there is risk of a trade war if the US tariffs are implemented.

Meyer Turku's 5th luxury cruise liner complete, headed to Germany
Helsinki, April 25 (Yle)
German TUI Cruises' new flagship cruise liner was delivered from the Meyer Turku shipyard in south west Finland on Wednesday.

The new Mein Schiff 1, which was delivered on Wednesday, is the fifth Mein Schiff vessel built by Meyer Turku for German cruise firm TUI Cruises.

The enormous ship is some 20 metres longer than earlier model (Mein Schiff 3 and 4) measuring some 315 metres in length, Meyer Turku stated in a press release. The ship is 36 metres wide and has a passenger capacity of 3,132 and some 1,437 individual passenger cabins. The ship will fly under the flag of Malta, according to the company.

The firm said the new ship will set sail towards Germany on Wednesday, and then will be officially christened in ceremony in Hamburg on 11 May. The ship will take its first passengers shortly after that, the firm said.

Finnair posts first-quarter profits, plans 15% capacity boost
Helsinki, April 25 (Yle)
Finnair has posted its 14th consecutive quarter of growth, with a profit of nearly four million euros from January through March.

The airline's comparable operating result swung to a profit of 3.9 million euros. During the same period of last year it lost nine million euros.

The flag carrier has remained mostly profitable since late 2016, following an era of losses.

Pekka Vauramo, who took over as CEO in mid-2013, said he was pleased with the latest stats, as the early part of the year is usually the weakest. Analysts surveyed by Reuters had expected an operating loss of 2.7 million.

"For the first time in ten years we achieved a profitable comparable operating result in the first quarter, carrying a record three million passengers as well as expanding capacity by nearly one fifth in a quarter that is traditionally the weakest for us," said Vauramo. Analysts surveyed by Reuters had expected an operating loss of 2.7 million.

Tougher competition seen on Asian and American routes
Fuel costs, including hedging results and emissions-trading costs, rose by 14 percent. Most of that was due to volume growth, but emission-trading costs was the fastest-growing item in the category. Analysts surveyed by Reuters had expected an operating loss of 2.7 million.

Finnair expects international air travel to grow briskly this year, with increasing competition on routes linking Europe with both Asia and North America. Finnair plans to boost its capacity by more than 15 percent this year, and to carry nearly three million passengers.

Finland hopes to attract foreign startups with new entrepreneurs' residence permit
Helsinki, April 23 (Yle)
So far, Russian and Lebanese start-ups have received favourable business evaluations as part of the first phase of the application process.

From the beginning of April, Finnish authorities introduced a new kind of residence permit for start-up entrepreneurs. According to the government, the purpose of the scheme is to try and attract new entrepreneurial activity into the country and to put Finland on a steady footing to compete internationally for innovative growth firms.

"The aim is to remove barriers and get start-up entrepreneurs into Finland to accelerate economic growth and employment," said inspector general Pekka Lindroos of the Finnish Immigration Service, Migri.

Countries such as Denmark already have a similar programme in place.

Applicants wishing to acquire the entrepreneurs' residence permit will need to get a favourable business assessment from the Business Finland innovation centre, previously known as Tekes, the state research funding agency. Once the evaluation has been granted, applicants must then file a residence permit application with Migri, which will review issues such as projected income and the general grounds for granting the permit.

However Business Finland cautioned that not just any business idea will receive a favourable assessment. Start-ups will have to show that they have the potential to generate rapid growth in international markets.

"Often, we are talking about a new kind of innovative product or solution looking for markets," explained Business Finland director Jukka Häyrynen.

The start-up residence permit is initially valid for two years, with the option to renew it.

Estate agent: 11% of Helsinki apartments sold for at least 500k€ last year
Helsinki, April 23 (Yle)
Housing prices in Finland's capital city continue to head upwards, with average apartments selling for nearly 300,000 euros, according to a local estate agency.

Helsinki-based real estate firm Kahdeksas päivä says that the most sale prices of city apartments range between 200-300,000 euros. The agency said that a market review of real estate sales in 2017 revealed that apartments across the city are garnering ever-higher prices.

The volume of housing sales last year grew by about two percent the agency said.

The average price of a Helsinki flat sold via an estate agent was 280,698 euros last year, according to Kahdeksas päivä.

The agency said 11 percent of previously-inhabited - not newly built - apartments sold last year were for sums in excess of 500,000 euros. The number of apartments which sell beyond the half-million mark has increased by some 70 percent over the past five years.

Turku aims to be carbon neutral by 2029 in new urban strategy
Helsinki, April 17 (Yle)
On Monday Turku city councillors approved a comprehensive urban strategy programme with rather ambitious goals.

Turku City Council Chair Lauri Kattelus said that the council's decision to approve an ambitious strategic programme was one of the most important choices they have made.

The strategy is far-reaching in ambition. If the goals are met on schedule the south west city will be, among other things, the country's greenest city - and carbon neutral - by the year 2029. That's more than a decade ahead of schedule, as the city's previous ambition was to reach the green goal of carbon neutrality by the year 2040.

Kattelus said that the strategy's two most important features are its climate goals as well as an aim to prevent social inequities, and said the unanimous council approval of it was a good sign for the future.

"This is a common strategy and gives a good insight to where we are headed," Kattelus said.

Finland grants final permit for new Russia-Germany gas pipeline, but project remains uncertain
Helsinki, April 16 (Yle)
Despite Finland's approval, the Nord Stream 2 project hangs in the balance after German Chancellor Angela Merkel voiced concerns over Ukraine's eventual role in delivering Russian natural gas to Europe last week.

Last Thursday Finnish authorities issued the second of two permits required for the construction of an LNG pipeline in Finnish waters of the Baltic Sea.

According to Nord Stream, the multinational project has received permit approvals required from Germany. But roughly a week ago German Chancellor Angela Merkel announced that the country's support of the Nord Stream project hinges on clarity about the role of Ukraine in a Russian gas pipeline to Europe.

Eastern European and Baltic states have reportedly expressed fears that the pipeline would make Europe too reliant on Russian gas, as well as undermine Ukraine's role in gas distribution to Europe, according to news agency Reuters.

Finland's chief concerns environmental
At the beginning of April, the Finnish government announced that it had approved the first of two permits required for the construction of Nord Stream 2 in Finnish Baltic Sea territorial waters.

The second permit for Nord Stream 2, required under the Finnish Water Act, was issued by the Regional State Administrative Agency for Southern Finland last Thursday.

The portion of the new pipeline in Finnish waters would measure some 374 km, with the entire pipeline measuring some 1,200 km and it would run close to an existing gas pipeline on the floor of the Baltic Sea.

S-Group retail giant eyes role as Finland's largest solar energy producer
Helsinki, April 16 (Yle)
The Finnish government is expected to support 20 percent of an eight million-euro project that will see the food retail duopolist install rooftop 40,000 solar units at stores and service stations.

The retail giant S-Group is planning a massive rooftop solar energy project that will make it the largest solar energy producer in Finland and one of the largest in the Nordics.

The food retail duopolist plans to install solar panels on the rooftops of its all of its retail outlets and petrol stations across the country.

Finnish energy giant Fortum will be responsible for implementing the project, while the state has pledged to foot 20 percent of the eight-million-euro price tag – some 1.6 million euros.

“We are looking at delivering the largest roof-installed solar energy system in the Nordics,” declared Fortum development manager Tatu Kulla.

According to Kulla electricity generated by solar panels could already be cheaper than power purchased from the grid. He said that S-Group will not be the only player in the project, but noted that different sized projects will be led by other companies.

Finland approves first of two permits for Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline
Helsinki, April 5 (Yle)
Finland approved a permit application for the construction of the Nord Stream 2 natural gas pipeline in the Gulf of Finland on Thursday.

The planned Nord Stream 2 AG natural gas pipeline, stretching through the Baltic Sea from Russia to Germany reached a significant milestone after Finland granted the first of two required permits for the project on Thursday.

The government's approval is conditional however, with the provision that the project take into consideration environmental concerns in the region.

The stretch of two parallel pipelines in Finnish waters would measure some 374 km in length, with the entire pipeline measuring some 1,200 km.

When and if completed, the pipeline will begin at Vyborg, Russia and terminate at Greifswald, Germany. The Nord Stream 2 project is run by the multi-national energy consortium Nord Stream.

A decision on the second required permit, made by the Regional State Administrative Agency for Southern Finland, is expected to arrive in the coming weeks, according to a Nord Stream brief on the matter issued Thursday.

The state agency is also expected to carry out an assessment on the environmental impact of the project.

Nearly 20K Finnish users part of unauthorised Facebook data drop to Cambridge Analytica
Helsinki, April 5 (Yle)
New reports indicate that significantly more Facebook users than previously believed had their information shared with a third party without their permission.

According to beleaguered social media giant Facebook, just under 20,000 Finnish users have had their information shared with the data mining firm Cambridge Analytica without their permission.

Facebook spokesman Peter Münster told the Finnish news agency STT via email that profile information of 19,693 users in Finland may have wound up in the unauthorised data trove handed over to the UK-based company.

Facebook has come under heavy scrutiny following reports that an app developer had handed over user data to Cambridge Analytica without authorisation. Although users, as they participated in Facebook activities like online quizzes, volunteered their details to the app developer by agreeing to the application's terms of service, they did not give permission for information harvested from their profiles to be passed on to third parties such as Cambridge Analytica. Reports also suggest that the app scraped data from the friends of quiz participants.

Nordea bans investment funds from buying Facebook shares
Helsinki, March 23 (Yle)
Nordea has temporarily banned the purchase of Facebook shares after revelations that it had indirectly shared millions of Facebook users' data with a Donald Trump-linked analytics firm.

"We are now putting the brakes on", said Katarina Hammar from Nordea's responsible investments unit.

Nordea funds have been barred from buying Facebook shares for three months, but retain the right to sell them.

At the moment, only one of Nordea's funds owns Facebook shares. That fund invests in companies that meet standards on human rights, environmental protection and employee rights, according to the fund manager's assessment. In that fund, Facebook shares make up under 2 percent of the portfolio.

Facebook recently landed in hot water after revelations that data analysis firm Cambridge Analytica, which has ties to President Trump's election campaign, acquired and used data from 50 million Facebook users without their consent.

Nordea Bank moves HQ to Helsinki
Helsinki, March 15 (Yle)
A general meeting of the largest pan-Nordic bank has green-lighted the plan to shift the HQ to Finland, which unlike the Scandinavian countries is a member of the European banking union and the eurozone.

Shareholders in the Nordic region's biggest bank, Nordea, have approved the transfer of the company's headquarters from Stockholm to Helsinki. At the annual general meeting in the Swedish capital on Thursday, the proposed move garnered 96.9 percent of votes. It would have only needed two thirds of votes to go through.

Nordea's board presented the plan last September. The main reason is that Finland is a member of the European banking union and the eurozone. Sweden and Nordea's other main countries of operation, Denmark and Norway, are not.

Nordea said last autumn that the move should be completed by October 2018.

The headquarters staff is expected to move to the Nordea Campus in Helsinki's Vallila district.

Nordea began to plan a move in February 2017 after the Swedish government said it would raise so-called resolution fees on banks in an effort to protect taxpayers from the costs of financial crises. Concerned that this could cost the bank as much as a billion euros, Nordea management began looking into moving the HQ to either Denmark or Finland – with Helsinki eventually getting the nod over Copenhagen.

As a large bank in Finland, Nordea will be directly overseen by the European Central Bank, as are OP and Danske Bank Finland. Smaller banks are supervised by the Finnish Financial Supervisory Authority.

Katainen raps Trump over steel tariffs: "Crystal clear that the US will lose this case"
Helsinki, March 12 (Yle)
European Commission Vice-President Jyrki Katainen says that the EU hopes to convince United States officials this week not to impose what it sees as completely unwarranted tariffs on European steel and aluminium imports. The former Finnish premier describes the situation as "a mess" and one that is utterly exceptional in today's world.

The tariffs are expected to take effect on March 23 at the earliest. President Donald Trump said last week that the US will raise steel import taxes by 25 percent and aluminum by 10 percent.

"It seems that Trump's rationale that this is due to national security concerns is not in fact the real reason, but rather it is purely a question of trade policy," Katainen said in an Yle TV interview on Monday.

Katainen says there is no reason for higher tariffs, as European steel does not pose any threat to US security.

Washington plans to grant exemptions to Canada, Mexico and perhaps Australia. Katainen says that US officials lack any specific concept of what grounds upon which a specific country or company could be granted an exception.

"This will be a busy week," says Katainen. "We're trying to bring some sense into this mess and to discuss why the EU should also be exempted. European steel companies haven't dumped European steel in an unfair way."

Licence to export Finnish eggs and egg products to Japan
Helsinki, March 8 (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry)
Finnish eggs and egg products will soon be found on the Japanese market. Agreement on licensing these exports was reached in Tokyo during the visit by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Finland and Finnish Food Safety Authority to negotiate the matter. The negotiations took place in connection with FOODEX, the most significant fair in Japan this year, where twelve Finnish food and beverage companies also had a common Food from Finland stand.

The export of Finnish eggs and egg products to Japan has been promoted as part of the Government key project concerning food exports. In the context of the key project the Finnish Food Safety Authority has been able to increase the personnel resources to carry out export analyses and studies.

"The key project enables Finnish food to be exported to market areas outside the EU. Opening the access to these markets is always preceded by negotiations between the relevant public authorities of the countries concerned. Thanks to the good relations between Finland and Japan and contacts between the authorities, the negotiations ran very smoothly", says Permanent Secretary Jaana Husu-Kallio, who led the talks in Tokyo.

Japan is the second destination for Finnish egg and egg product exports on the Asian market as egg product exports to Hong Kong got started in May 2017. The new export licence is also a follow-up to the licence to export poultry meat to Japan obtained a year ago.

Safety the key asset for Finnish poultry products
Because of the good situation in terms of salmonella and avian influenza in Finland, there is high demand for Finnish poultry products on the world markets. Finnish eggs are something quite unique because hardly any antibiotic residues have been found in them for almost ten years. Finnish egg production was also in no way connected to the scandal around the egg contamination by the fipronil insecticide.

"It is great to find new markets for high-quality Finnish food in the world. The objective set in the Government programme was to improve our trade balance in foodstuffs by EUR 500 million by 2020. Eggs gaining access to the Japanese market is yet another major achievement in terms of good news in the export sector. Pure Finnish foods are now really finding their way into the high value added product market", says Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Jari Leppä.

In Tokyo work was also done to promote a project concerning beef exports, where the next step is an inspection visit by Japanese authorities to Finland.

"Besides food exports, the Japanese market is opening to our animal breeding material, pig sperm in particular. This is also founded on the exceptionally good animal disease situation in Finland", Husu-Kallio says.

Finnish leaders rip into US President's trade tariffs proposal
Helsinki, March 4 (Yle)
Senior Finnish politicians have cautioned that a US plan to impose tariffs on steel and aluminium could start a trade war and slow down global economic growth.

European Commission VP Jyrki Katainen said that a proposal by US President Donald Trump to impose tariffs on steel and aluminium could start a trade war, according to website Politico.

Katainen, who is also a former Finnish prime minister, cautioned that Europe could wind up fighting a global trade war on two fronts, in Asia and the United States. Katainen offered the comments at a BusinessEurope lobby event in Brussels, Politico reported.

"I easily can see very unfortunate and worrisome developments ahead of us," Katainen said.

Politico reports Katainen said that if Trump "is taking unilateral actions we have to respond, but it's not only a problem between Europe and the United States. Because it has an impact [on] steel production, steel markets elsewhere, too."

Economy Minister: Tariffs a threat to global economic development
Meanwhile Economic Affairs Minister Mika Lintila described Trump's proposed measure as a threat to the development of the global economy. Lintilä pointed out that the Finnish economy is highly dependent on exports global demand.

"The [Finnish] economy is now on a very good growth path. As threats to global economic growth take shape, the first thing to suffer will be people's confidence that growth will continue," Lintilä noted.

"If the global economy declines, as an export-dependent country, Finland will be very sensitive to such currents. So growth will have an impact on people," Lintilä told STT.

According to Lintila, a new trade war is not yet on the cards although all of the prerequisites for it exist.

Finnish state to sell off iconic booze brand
Helsinki, February 24 (Yle)
The Finnish state-owned alcoholic drinks maker Altia, whose biggest brand is Koskenkorva vodka, announced on Friday that it plans to list its shares on the Helsinki Stock Exchange.

Altia, which is fully owned by the Finnish state, is largely known for its Koskenkorva vodka, which is distilled in the village of Koskenkorva in Ostrobothnia.

"The Finnish general public has an opportunity to own a piece of a growth story based on domestic raw materials," said Minister of Economic Affairs Mika Lintilä, referring to Altia's use of Finnish barley at its Koskenkorva plant. The flotation is part of the government's plan to sell shares in state-owned businesses.

Meanwhile, Altia's CEO Pekka Tennilä said that listing the shares would enable strategic flexibility and bring "opportunities to develop the drinking culture in a responsible manner."

Even after the public offering Finland would continue as a significant shareholder in Altia. At least a third of the company's shares would remain in state ownership.

The company, whose other products include Renault and Larsen cognacs and Chill Out wines, has 700 employees.

Finnish economy spurts by nearly 4%
Helsinki, February 14 (Yle)
The economy is poised to outpace that of the overall eurozone this year, likely raising employment and wages.

The Finnish economy grew briskly in late 2017, according to figures issued Wednesday. The central statistics office says that gross domestic product (GDP) in the fourth quarter was up by 3.9 percent compared to a year earlier.

Statistics Finland estimated December's year-on-year growth at 3.6 percent while upgrading its previous estimate for November from 3.5 to 4.3 percent.

These are the strongest indicators yet of the economy's recovery from nearly 10 years of stagnation.

The agency also says that the number of employed people rose by around three percent in December, while retail sales edged up by 2.6 percent.

Finland's GDP rose in the last three months of the year by 1.1 percent compared to the previous quarter. Statistics Finland believes that GDP grew by around 3 percent in 2017 as a whole, about the same as in the eurozone as a whole.

Employment and wages set to improve However the chief economist of Danske Bank's Finnish branch, Pasi Kuoppamäki, estimated that overall growth for last year may have been as high as 3.2 or 3.3 percent. Kuoppamäki points out that the growth rate accelerated steadily throughout last year.

This year, the European Commission expects Finland's growth to outpace that of the overall eurozone, rising to 3.3 percent while the 19-country zone as a whole is projected to grow by 2.2 percent.

Valmet to hire 1,000 in Finland to produce Mercedes-Benz A-Class cars
Helsinki, February 13 (Yle)
Finnish auto manufacturer Valmet Automotive said it plans to hire some 1,000 workers in Finland this year to help assemble Mercedes-Benz's line of A-Class cars.

Valmet Automotive said on Tuesday that it plans to hire dozens of "white collars" for positions in prodcution, support and engineering services for production of Mercedes-Benz compact A-Class vehicles.

The company said that extra staff would be needed during the beginning of the year and that several hundred car builders also need to be hired.

In all, the company said it plans to hire about 1,000 new employees at its plant in Uusikaupunki, in south-western Finland this year.

"The number of personnel at Valmet Automotive's Uusikaupunki car plant, the biggest factory in Finland, is now around 4000," the firm wrote in a release.

Valmet Automotive, which employs a total of about 5,500 workers in Finland and other parts of Europe, provides services and products like automotive engineering, vehicle manufacturing, battery systems and convertible roof systems.

New alcohol law hits sales at state-owned Alko
Helsinki, February 12 (Yle)
With other stores allowed to sell stronger beer, cider and mixed drinks, overall sales at the former state monopoly have declined by eight percent year-on-year. border=0>
Sales of beers, ciders and pre-mixed long drinks by Finland's state-owned alcohol retailer Alko dropped significantly in the first month after grocery stores were allowed to sell stronger beverages, compared to a year earlier. border=0>
In January Alko's sales of "lonkero" pre-mixed long drinks fell by 39 percent, beer by 27 percent, and cider by 12 percent in terms of volume. Overall, Alko's sales by litre dipped by nearly eight percent year-on-year. border=0>
At the start of the year a revised Alcohol Act took effect, which removed Alko's monopoly on sales of strong beers, ciders and pre-mixed cocktails. The maximum alcohol content of beverages sold at places such as grocery shops, kiosks and petrol stations was raised from 4.7 percent to 5.5 percent. border=0>
So far the decline in sales at the state shops has not been as steep as some predicted. Last autumn there were estimates that Alko would lose some 70 percent of the value of its beer, cider and long drink sales. That would represent an overall slump of seven percent in turnover and a 13 percent slide in sales by litre – and in monetary terms about 100 million euros annually.

Finland's exports up by 15 percent last year
Helsinki, February 2 (Yle)
The value of exported Finnish goods increased 15 percent in 2017 from the year before, which helped to narrow the trade deficit to 2.5 billion euros.

The value of goods that Finland exported last year increased 15 percent compared with 2016, a jump largely driven by transport equipment and metal industry products. The exports of petroleum products also rose, together with most other sectors, but exports of pharmaceutical products dropped.

In total, the value of goods exports amounted to 59.5 billion euros last year. The last time Finland's exports grew on an annual basis was in 2011.

Goods exports to the European Union increased 17 percent, to the eurozone 20 percent and to non-EU countries 12 percent.

Meanwhile, imports to Finland grew by 13 percent last year, with transport equipment parts, fuels and lubricants increasing the most. Imports of consumer goods fell on the other hand.

As the value of exports grew, the trade deficit narrowed to 2.5 billion euros last year from 3.1 billion in 2016.

Finland's presidential couple welcomes baby boy
Helsinki, February 2 (Yle)
It's been quite a week for Finland's President, Sauli Niinistö. Shortly before 8 pm on Friday evening, his wife Jenni Haukio gave birth to a son. A statement from his office says Niinistö, who was present at the birth, says that both the mother and child are doing well.

"We are now the parents of a little boy," the President wrote.

Just the day before, Niinistö was sworn in for his second six-year term as president of Finland, after winning over 62 percent of the vote in a landslide election on January 28.

Thousands of congratulation messages rained down for the couple on Facebook and other social media channels once the news of the family addition broke. The official website of the Finnish President crashed momentarily under the deluge of viewers.

The statement said that the couple's son was born shortly before 8 pm at the Naistenklinikka hospital in Helsinki. Several comments on Twitter pointed out that this is the same facility that serves all women in the capital city area: proof of Finland's highly egalitarian society.

Patent payment boosts Nokia's quarterly results
Helsinki, February 1 (Yle)
Nokia reported a 7 percent increase in its quarterly profit as it benefited from new licensing deals and a one-off patent payment from Chinese firm Huawei.

The Finnish telecoms equipment maker said on Thursday its fourth-quarter profit grew by 7 percent to 1 billion euros from the previous year, helped along by a patent payment from China's Huawei.

The company's sales totalled 6.7 billion euros in the fourth quarter and 23.2 billion euros in full year 2017 as the firm's technology unit received a boost from new licensing agreements, in particular. Patents have become an important part of Nokia's business since it transitioned away from handset manufacturing.

On the other hand, the networks business fared less well in a competitive environment where the company's market share is expected to decline further this year, according to the Nokia CEO Rajeev Suri's comments in the company's press release.

However in 2019 and 2020, Suri said conditions should improve driven by the rollouts of 5G networks.

Nokia's board proposed a dividend of 19 cents per share in October and Suri said the company is committed to paying a growing dividend this year too.

OP: Bullish prognosis for Finnish economy in 2018
Helsinki, January 22 (Yle)
One of Finland's biggest financial groups, OP, has raised its outlook for the Finnish economy this year. OP predicts that GDP will grow by 3.3 percent this year. In November the bank had forecast growth of three percent for 2018.

OP paints an optimistic picture of rising employment spurring further private consumption. It predicts that 30,000 people will join the workforce, pushing the unemployment rate down. The financial group says that government may come close to achieving its target of 72 percent employment next year. It also predicts that current accounts and public finances will nearly balance out in 2019.

"The favourable economic climate will keep consumer confidence high," economist Henna Mikkonen said in a statement. "Inflation will rise, but purchasing power will improve nevertheless. The saving ratio will remain low with brisker demand for loans and owner-occupied homes."

However, OP expects growth to slow to 2.3 percent next year.

"Even though growth is decelerating next year, this does not mean that we will have reached the peak of the cycle. Growth is faster than its anticipated long-term average and the unemployment rate will continue to fall," says chief economist Reijo Heiskanen.

Nokia signs its first official 5G equipment deal with NTT DoCoMo
Helsinki, January 19 (Reuters)
inland's Nokia said on Friday it signed its first major deal to supply new 5G wireless radio base stations to Japanese telecom operator NTT DoCoMo, which boasts nearly half of the country's mobile subscribers.

The contract marks Nokia's first sizeable deal for its flagship mobile base station equipment based on official global New Radio (NR) standards for the fifth generation of wireless networks, which were only finalised in December 2017.

Financial terms were not disclosed.

The deal contemplates DoCoMo starting commercial 5G network service by 2020, in time for the Tokyo Olympics, Nokia said. Initial installations are expected in greater metropolitan Tokyo with a national roll-out to follow in subsequent years.

Nokia, a major supplier to DoCoMo in both the 3G and 4G network eras, has been working with the Japanese operator since at least 2014 on trials of 5G equipment, which promises far faster data rates, greater capacity and quicker response times.

The 5G antennas and related base stations act as the local connections between users of mobile phones and computing devices with the backbone of any operator's network.

The new equipment also promises to enable DoCoMo to provide new services for autonomous driving, industrial automation and smarter homes by providing wireless links to millions even billions of wireless sensors. Nokia said it will work with DoCoMo to ensure a smooth transition from existing 4G networks.

11.8 million: Helsinki harbour Europe's busiest passenger port in 2017
Helsinki, January 17 (Yle)
Last year Finland's Helsinki Harbour was listed as the busiest passenger port in Europe - and maybe the world, according to new figures from the port authority.

A total of 11.8 million seafaring passengers travelled through the ports of Helsinki in 2017, an increase of two percent compared the year before.

Europe's second-busiest passenger port last year, Dover in the United Kingdom, saw about 100,000 fewer sea travellers than Helsinki, with some 11.7 million sea travellers.

"In recent years, shipping companies have introduced larger and faster ships for the Helsinki-Tallinn route, while also increasing their passenger capacities during peak seasons," Noroviita said in a release issued Wednesday.

The overwhelming majority of passengers, in Helsinki made their way to Tallinn, Estonia.

The overwhelming majority of passengers, some nine million, travelled to Tallinn while 2.3 million people sailed to Stockholm, Sweden.

International cruise ships arriving to Helsinki broke an all-time record last year as well.

Some 266 vessels carrying around 487,000 passengers docked in Helsinki ports last year, an increase of 16 percent compared to 2016.

Marimekko and UNIQLO Announce Collaboration for Special Edition Collection
Helsinki, January 10 (Marimekko)
Marimekko and UNIQLO, the Japanese global apparel retailer, announced on 10 January their partnership on a special edition collaboration collection which will be available for a limited time only. The new collection for women will comprise a complete line of items that brighten lifestyles by combining the timelessly bold and vibrant print designs of Marimekko with the quality and comfort of UNIQLO's casual street style.

The collection will embody a shared commitment by the two companies to enhancing daily living. For Marimekko, this is through its mission of empowering people to be happy as they are and bringing joy to their everyday lives through bold prints and colours, while UNIQLO is committed to creating LifeWear – high quality clothing that is functional and reasonably priced – to suit everyone's daily lifestyles.

"UNIQLO is known worldwide for its well-designed essentials that are made for all. The special edition Marimekko and UNIQLO brand collaboration collection allows us to share the joy of bold self-expression in print and colour with consumers around the world. We are very excited about this collaboration and can't wait to see how people will wear the pieces in the collection to reflect their own style and personality," says Tiina Alahuhta-Kasko, President and CEO of Marimekko.

The Marimekko and UNIQLO collection will arrive at UNIQLO stores and at UNIQLO.com in Europe, Australia, Canada and the United States on Thursday 29 March, in Asia on Friday 30 March, and in Russia in early April 2018. The nine-style collection will feature tops, dresses, pants, sneakers, and bags. The prints in the collection were inspired by nature and urban lifestyle, including also a new print design specifically chosen to celebrate the Marimekko and UNIQLO collection. All of the prints were designed by Maija Louekari, one of Marimekko's world-renowned print designers.

The brand collaboration relates to the royalty income from a licensing agreement with a Japanese company referred to Marimekko's January-September interim report in November 2017.

Consumers in Finland increasingly having trouble paying bills
Helsinki, January 8 (Yle)
Finland does not have a comprehensive consumer credit rating system which could prevent at-risk people from applying for too much credit.

Finnish financial data services firm Suomen Asiakastieto reports that people with problems paying bills in the company's register each received an average of about 15 payment arrears notices last year. People with difficulties paying their bills have often defaulted on payments in the past.

The firm said that this year's tally of bill non-payment warnings was roughly the same as last year.

In 2017 there were 1.65 million cases of bill payment defaults reported to Asiakastieto, an increase of about one-tenth from the previous year.

The firm says that one of the reasons for the increase may be that creditors do not have adequate information about people's incomes and credit histories.

No centralised credit rating system in Finland
Finland does not have a comprehensive credit checking system which takes into account all loans and income data — only Asiakastieto's payment default register.

This situation means that people who are swamped in paying back loans — but still have not yet received a non-payment warning via a creditor — are still able to take out new loans and increase the amount of debt they'll eventually face.

Asiakastieto's director of consumer information Jouni Muhonen said the problem is an acute one.

"But making new legislation to create a new credit registry from the ground up could take years. That's why we should improve the scope of the current system in order to improve the sharing of credit data between different parties," Muhonen said.

"Creditors need access to all information about a person's income and debt in order to make a responsible decision about approving a loan," he said.

Continued economic upswing expected
Helsinki, December 19 (Yle)
The latest survey from the Ministry of Finance forecasts that the Finnish economy will grow by 2.4 percent in 2018 which it says means an increase in employment, a decline in the general government deficit and slower growth in the state's debt burden.

The Ministry of Finance's forecast shows that Finland will post a GDP growth figure of 3.1 percent for the full year 2017, and that the growth rate will then slow to around 2 percent.

Foreign trade and domestic demand are expected to be the main drivers in the economy over the next few years.

Pay is forecast to rise more rapidly in 2018 and 2019.

Boost in employment
Employment growth will accelerate to 1 percent and the earnings level in the coming year is forecast to rise by 2 percent, assuming that the forthcoming pay settlements are in line with agreements already made.

The Ministry of Finance survey says that private consumption growth next year will be driven by higher earnings and a rising employment rate. Investment of all types will increase, and the boom in housing construction shows no signs of slowing down.

Prices will rise in 2018 in a broad range of different product categories, but the increase in the prices of services will continue to have the greatest impact on overall inflation.

In 2019, the Ministry expects Finland's GDP to grow by 1.9 percent. GDP growth will slow the rise in the state's debt burden but will not eliminate the general government deficit.

The public-debt-to-GDP ratio began to decline in 2016, and the debt ratio is shrinking due to rapid growth in Finland's GDP. In 2019 the ratio is expected to fall to slightly below 60 percent.

Stronger beer comes to Finland's grocery stores in March
Helsinki, December 15 (Yle)
Parliament voted to approve the sale of stronger alcoholic drinks in supermarkets on Friday, lifting the limit to 5.5 percent from the current 4.7 percent.

Finland's parliament on Friday voted to approve the sale of stronger alcohol in grocery stores. From March, supermarkets will be able to sell alcoholic products up to 5.5 percent in alcohol strength, up from the current limit of 4.7 percent.

Stronger drinks will continue to be sold exclusively by Alko, but the new law allows the state-owned alcohol retailer to extend its opening hours to 9 pm on weekdays.

The reform also eases the bureaucratic burden of restaurants, allowing them to remain open till 4 am without a separate application and to serve alcohol on the terrace in the night.

Finally, small breweries will be permitted to sell their products on-site, as long as the alcohol content does not exceed 12 percent.

102 MPs voted for the proposal and 89 against. Seven MPs were not present, including prime minister Juha Sipilä.

Finance Minister Orpo predicts debt level drop
Helsinki, December 9 (Yle)
Finnish Finance Minister Petteri Orpo appeared on Yle's morning talk show on Saturday with a positive message: he says Finland's economic situation is looking up – even more, in fact, than his ministry had earlier predicted – and this means the state hasn't had to take on as much debt as it had anticipated.

Orpo says unemployment figures were worse one year ago, when this year's budget was being negotiated, than they are today.

"Now the indicators look different. In the autumn it was still estimated that the [2017] debt forecast would be 4.5 billion euros. But we currently find ourselves in a situation in which the State Treasury has issued a three-billion-euro estimate for the sum required," the minister told the public broadcaster.

"It looks as if the drop in the necessary debt load will be quite significant. Next year's budget has been built on the idea of taking on three billion euros more in debt, but I believe that by supporting economic growth and more jobs, we could stand a chance to lower this," Orpo said.

Despite the signs of an economic upswing, the Finance Minister nevertheless says it is wisest to stick with his centre-right government's strict cost-saving economic policies for the time being. He says this way Finland could get back on its feet well enough to potentially stop the need to take on more debt all together.

Slush startups bet on Bitcoin
Helsinki, December 1 (Yle)
Out of the roughly 2,600 firms at Finland's biggest startup event Slush this year, more than 150 were in the crypto space.

Observers could be forgiven for thinking that Finland, with its history of high tech know-how and sizeable population of computer nerds, might be at the bleeding edge of cryptocurrency. There are a handful of Finnish players in the crypto scene, and Yle News went to this year's annual startup-investor meet up Slush in Helsinki to find out how they are doing.

Bitcoin is the original and most popular form of the computer-produced money, and it has been rocketing in value since the beginning of the year, but the currency itself is less than a decade old.

Rising values have seen cryptocurrencies gain attention — positive and negative — from governments, banks and regulators as well as the media.

What's all the hype?

In what could be described as a stereotypical outburst of Finnish modesty, Slush chief operating officer Teemu Laurikainen requested to be referred to as a "crypto hobbyist," in lieu of "expert" when asked to discuss the topic.

In any case, the Slush COO is cautiously optimistic about the future of crypto and blockchain technologies, and acknowledged that people who want to know how it all works face a major learning curve.

Aktia ups estimate for Finnish growth this year, warns of slower times ahead
Helsinki, November 27 (Yle)
A leading Finnish bank has slightly raised its forecasts for economic growth this year and next, but says job creation and consumption will remain sluggish.

One of Finland's biggest banks, Aktia, has raised its estimate of the nation's GDP for this year to 3.1 percent. However it predicts that pace to slow to 2.6 percent next year and 2.2 percent in 2019.

"Everything points toward 2017 becoming an economically good year in historic terms," Aktia's chief economist Heidi Schauman said on Monday.

She notes that the bank upgraded its forecast for next year, as it expects positive developments to consumption, investments and foreign trade to continue.

Aktia expects the employment rate to improve further, but not sufficiently in the bank's view, which it says dampens the consumption outlook. The number of people with jobs is not rising hand-in-hand with the employment rate, it notes, as the working-age population is shrinking.

Last week, Statistics Finland said that the jobless rate dropped in October to 7.3 percent, compared with 8.1 percent a year earlier and eight percent in September. The employment rate meanwhile stood at 70 percent.

On the global level, Aktia Bank foresees growth continuing at an annual rate of around 3.6 percent over the next two years, adding the caveat that such prognoses include much uncertainty.

Paradise Papers: Yachts and gambling linked to typical Finnish-owned Malta businesses
Helsinki, November 19 (Yle)
Yle asked some of the 350 Finns with registered businesses in the tax haven country of Malta to explain their business dealings there. Many respondents had difficulties remembering or explaining what their company is up to, but yachts and gambling are often involved.

Paradise Papers is the latest international leak of data on tax haven improprieties, this time in the small European island country of Malta. Among other things, the documents reveal that some 350 Finns are shareholders in or directors of Maltese companies.

Among the Finns with money in Malta, there are several familiar names. The wealthy families of von Rettig and Berner have companies there, as do the actor Jasper Pääkkönen and major investors in Finland's lucrative gaming company Supercell.

The Finnish Broadcasting Company Yle asked several Malta business owners to explain their investments in the island country, but many had troubles remembering why or with whom they had entered into the ventures.

Owning a business in a tax haven like Malta is not illegal, as long as any profits from businesses there are duly reported to the tax authorities. Corporate tax on businesses in Malta is 35 percent, compared to 20 percent in Finland, but there are several deductions available to business owners there. Figures show that most shareholders in Malta take advantage of the numerous loopholes, making the average corporate tax on firms just five percent in reality.

Metro extension finally launched – commuters rejoice, experts cautious
Helsinki, November 18 (Yle)
After years of development and a number of false alarms, the first leg of the so-called Länsimetro or Helsinki metro extension into Espoo was launched for commuter traffic early Saturday morning. One researcher says a new metropolis may begin to broaden outward, but only if the work is put in.

The metro's woes have included several launch date postponements, vandalism, electrical errors and water damage. But social media filled up with photos and updates on Saturday, with some people dressing up specially or sipping sparkling wine early on the launch day.

The researcher says that on this historic day it is worth remembering that the metro line itself shouldn't necessarily be the focus on attention. Rather it is the developments in the metro station areas and environments that will change the face of the cities for the next century, she says.

"Building this extension was a political decision intended to steer local urban life in a certain direction. Espoo will certainly see positive changes thanks to the new stations, but the metro has also failed to spruce up nearby areas before."

Futurologist and co-founder of think tank Demos Helsinki, Aleksi Neuvonen, says he sees a new capital region centre forming around the Espoo areas of Otaniemi, Keilaniemi and Tapiola.

He also estimates that all of Southern Finland including the cities of Tampere and Turku may one day be seen as a single sprawling Finnish metropolis.

"The metro extension has drawn in a great deal of construction and investment contracts, on a national scale," says Espoo City Council chair Markku Markkula. "This was at one time the largest construction site in the country. The investments in the metro region's development are sure to be ten times bigger than the cost of the Länsimetro itself."

The final stage of the full metro project is set to continue in the 2020s, when further new expansions will be constructed.

20 minutes from Helsinki to Tallinn in five years?
Helsinki, November 14 (Yle)
Construction could, just possibly, begin next year on a rail link between Helsinki and the Estonian capital Tallinn that would be ready for traffic in the early 2020s. Peter Vesterbacka, formerly of Angry Birds gaming company Rovio, has big plans for a tunnel running under the Gulf of Finland that he laid out in an interview published on Monday in the Helsinki newspaper Hufvudstadsbladet.

After leaving Rovio in the summer of 2016, Peter Vesterbacka has been involved in countless new projects, among them the creation of a rail link between the Finnish and Estonian capitals.

Drawing on financing and technology from China, he says that construction could start next year.

"Technically, it's no problem. It can be built in five years. We are talking about a tunnel that would be completed in the 2020s and not the 2030s," Vesterbacka told Hufvudstadsblad.

"We have not yet encountered any insurmountable problems," he added.

Twelve tunnel drilling machines for the project are estimated to cost 30 million euros. Vesterbacka has a vision of creating what he calls a sort of "tunnel factory" that the rest of Europe and the world could turn to for other projects. His plan is for the equipment is to be contracted from China.

"China is implementing major infrastructure initiatives throughout the world, so it's no wonder that they're interested in constriction here, too," he points out.

In order to hit a five-year deadline for completion, work on two parallel tunnels would be carried out at six sites simultaneously. Under this plan, each of the tunnels would be 17 meters in diameter.

"It's bigger than needed, but it will be made for any future needs," he explained to the paper.

The project being promoted by Vesterbacka includes four stations: one in Tallinn, one on an artificial island to be built just off the coast of Helsinki, one at Keilalahti-Otaniemi in eastern Espoo, and one at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport.

This tunnel project is estimated to cost 15 billion euros. Vesterbacka says he is not looking for tax money.

"It's a completely private project, we are not looking for money from the state or the EU. We are trying to optimize everything in order to be as fast as possible, which is also a way to save money."

According to Vesterbacka, with ticket prices averaging 50 euros, the tunnel would pay for itself within 37 years. The travel time between the two capitals would be around 20 minutes.

"The line would be operated by high-speed trains running at 350 kilometers per hour. The technology already exists in China and Japan, so it is no technological risk," he says.

Finland joins the Silk Road
Helsinki, November 9 (Yle)
Top circulation daily Helsingin Sanomat features an article on a new cargo train connection linking the south-eastern city of Kouvola to the famed "Silk Road" route into China.

HS writes that if all goes according to plan, on Friday a cargo train with 41 large containers (a small batched compared with the 10,000 that fit on massive cargo ships) will be pulled by engines into St. Petersburg and onward through Kazakhstan to Xi'an in northern China. It is the first of a total of five trains that are set to make the long trip, hauling Finnish machinery, timber and workwear textiles.

Transporting goods by train is more expensive than shipping by sea, but much faster. Director Jari Grönlund from cargo operator Unytrade says that the direct land connection will be used largely for products that are needed quickly along the trade route.

"Goods take 45 days to reach China by ship, whereas the train gets there in just 10 days," Grönlund says in HS.

The Kouvola station is optimal for the long-distance cargo network, Grönlund says, due to its effective loading bays (constructed for busy Russian-bound traffic), its proximity to the Russian border and Kouvola's own initiative in contacting Kazakhstan over the cargo deal.

"There's still room for exporters in our containers," Grönlund says.

Net payments plummet: Finland drops to bottom of EU contributor list in 2016
Helsinki, November 4 (Yle)
Last year Finland paid 1.8 billion euros to the European Union and received 1.5 billion euros in EU money in return. This means that Finland's net payments to the European Union fell to below 300 million euros in 2016, placing the Nordic country at the bottom of the EU member states contributor list for the year, alongside Italy.

Finland's net payments to the European Union fell by more than half last year, from what European Commission statistics estimate was 570 million euros in 2015 to 294 million euros in 2016.

This means that, once the books were balanced, the per capita contribution from Finland to the EU fell from 104 euros per person in 2015 to 54 euros per person in 2016.

This puts Finland in last place, alongside Italy, in a ranking of the 28 member states in terms of their net balance contributions for the year. Finland's net payments were much smaller in 2016 than Sweden, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Austria and the UK, for example.

The net payments figure is derived from difference between the money Finland pays into the EU and the revenue the country receives from the institution.

Finland's top 3 earners in 2016 from game firm Supercell
Helsinki, November 1 (Yle)
Finland's top three income earners in 2016 all come from the successful game firm Supercell, according to tax and income data released Wednesday by the Finnish Tax Administration. Altogether seven of the top ten highest-paid individuals came from the Helsinki-based game firm.

Founder and CEO of the game firm Supercell, Ilkka Paananen, emerged as Finland's top earner in 2016. According to data released by the Finnish Tax Administration Vero, Paananen's taxable income last year came in at 46,634,395 euros.

The country's second-biggest earner was another Supercell luminary, creative director Mikko Kodisoja, who pocketed 40,851,040 euros for the year. Another Supercell millionaire, John Nicholas Derome came in third with earnings of 13,450,909 euros. Like other Supercell employees, all three are also part owners of the thriving game studio.

Lead programmer Visa Forsten took home 13,429,174 euros, product lead Lassi Leppinen pocketed 12,646,518 euros, game designer Lasse Louhento earned 11,111,696 and CFO Janne Snellman followed up with 5,678,652 euros.

Representatives of traditional sectors rounded out the bottom of the top ten earners. Metsä Group director general Kari Jordan came in eighth on the list with a taxable annual salary of 5,678,652 euros.

Meanwhile Kari Stadigh, CEO of the Sampo financial group's annual pay packet was 5,440,778 and Henrik Ehrnrooth, chief executive of the lift and escalator firm Kone was paid 5,062,724 euros for the year.

Finnish pension funds at all-time high of 200 billion euros
Helsinki, October 29 (Nokia)
Finnish pension funds have reached a record high of 200 billion euros, largely due to profitable investments in the stock market. However, spending on earnings-related pensions for the municipal and state sector is set to outpace contributions for the first time this year.

Finnish pension funds now stand at its highest level to date – around 200 billion euros, according to the organisation representing earnings-based pension fund companies.

"Some information is still missing, but it looks like we will reach around 200 billion euros," said Tela analyst Peter Halonen.

The return on pension fund investments is becoming increasingly important for financing pension payments, he added. He noted that the pension contributions paid in by employers and employees is not enough to pay future old age benefits.

Back in 2015, just under one billion euros representing pension funds and profits from fund investments was used to pay out old age pensions. Last year the sum was 1.2 billion euros and this year the amount is expected to rise even further.

"It's impossible to estimate precisely how much we will use from the funds and their returns but the amount is expected to increase," Halonen commented.

The growing outlay in annual pension payments is due to an increase in Finnish citizens claiming pensions as the population continues to age. On the other hand, the number of working age people paying into the system is decreasing.

In addition to private pensions companies, Keva, the organisation responsible for managing pensions for municipal and state employees, will for the first time be forced to dig into its profits to pay out pensions.

"The situation is historic for Keva. For the first time, pensions to be paid out will be slightly larger than pensions contributions paid in. But we are well prepared for this," said Keva CEO Timo Kietäväinen.

Nokia and Sendai join to improve safety and security of residents, bolster local businesses
Helsinki, October 18 (Nokia)
Nokia and the City of Sendai have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to deliver technology solutions for local businesses as they recover from the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, while contributing to improvements in the quality of life for citizens. The agreement covers public safety management, including disaster recovery, activities to improve the safety and security of local citizens, and the testing and development of Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC) and 5G applications within the city.

The memorandum will establish Nokia as a long-term strategic partner to the city, which continues to recover from the major natural disasters of 2011. The two parties plan to stage a joint disaster exercise in 2018, and will collaborate further on public safety innovation and development. Nokia will also offer its Nokia Innovation Platform and other innovation programs to universities and startups in Sendai to help the city to establish a local ecosystem and support business opportunities outside of Japan. Finally, Nokia and Sendai will co-establish a test bed for MEC and 5G applications to accelerate related use cases.

The first joint activity will be to show public safety solutions such as the Nokia Ultra Compact Network, Nokia Group Communications push-to-talk and push-to-video application with ruggedized devices, as well as a drone at the International Disaster and Risk Conference (IDRC) 2017 to be hosted in Sendai on 25-27 November.

The partnership between Nokia and the City of Sendai builds on the strong ties the city has with Finland through working on many healthcare projects since 2003; Sendai also has cooperated with the Finnish city of Oulu since 2005 on projects including gaming.

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